Where is Eritrea geographically? Spanning over a total area of 117,600 kilometer square, Eritrea is nestled between Sudan, Ethiopia and Djibouti. Sudan is located on the west of Eritrea while Djibouti rests on its southern east and Ethiopia lies to its south. The northern and eastern parts of the country have a large coastline formed by the Red Sea. The widespread area of the country also includes numerous Hanish Islands and the Dahlak Archipelago, renowned for its pearl fisheries.
Where is Eritrea culturally? Eritrea is a culturally mix and multi-ethnic country with nearly 9 ethnic groups including the Tigrinya community, which makes up approximately 55 percent of the country’s population. Other ethnic groups include the Tigre people and the Nilotic community. The cultural diversity in modern-day Eritrea is much owed to the legacies of foreign forces that settled here in the past.
Besides being culturally rich, the country also has a great history dating back to the 10th century. Eritrea preserves its history in the form of a large variety of historical attractions and ruins. These historic wonders continue to attract tourists from around the world. The country has an abundance of natural and historic attractions for travelers to explore. From colonial and Italian architecture to a large variety of wildlife that populates Eritrea’s mountainous escarpments, coastline and deserts; it makes a great spot for people of all ages.
One of the best places to visit in Eritrea is Asmara. It is the country’s capital city and dotted with astonishing Italian architecture remnants. One of the many breathtaking and historic sightseeing spots is the St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Asmara which was constructed in the year 1922. It is the first and one of a kind Romanesque-style cathedral. It features a 52 meter tower that is hard to go unnoticed. It took colonial authorities about 6 years to build this magnificent and architectural marvel.
When it comes to listing down the best places to visit in Eritrea, Aduli is worth including. It is an archeological-site located in the north Red Sea region of Eritrea about 30 miles to the south of Massawa. It is popular among tourists because of its history. The site was an ancient Aksumite port city. After excavations by archeologists, several building structures and ruins were discovered.
Beside this, Qohaito is another ancient city in Eritrea which continues to attract tourists from across the globe. It is believed to be a pre Aksumite settlement. This ancient city is located on a high plateau right on the edge of the Rift Valley. Here, you can see the rubble of the famous Temple of Mariam-Wakiro, a sand stone hewn Egyptian tomb and a variety of ancient rock art.