Where is Guatemala? Guatemala is a Central American country, which is bordered by Mexico in the north and west, Caribbean to the east, Belize to the northeast, Pacific Ocean to the southwest, El Salvador to the southeast and Honduras to the east. It is the most populous Central American state with 15.8 million residents. The capital and largest city of Guatemala is Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion, which is also called Guatemala City.
Guatemala is approximately the size of Tennessee with a total area of 108,890 square kilometers. It consists of three main regions, the heaviest populated is the cool highlands, then there is the tropical region, which runs along the Caribbean and Pacific coasts, and in the northern lowlands are the tropical jungles known as Peten.
Where is Guatemala historically? It was historically an impressive site for the Mayan civilization until the Spanish conquered it in the 16th century, making it part of New Spain. It acquired independence from Spain in 1821 and became part of the Federal Republic of Central America, dissolving in 1841. With Guatemala's rich history and mixed cultural and ethnic roots, which stem from the Spanish and Maya native people, it is a land attracting tourists to its natural beauty and scenic sites with many places to visit in Guatemala.
To explore the remains and ruins of the Mayan people, start with exploring El Mirador, which was a major Mayan city from the 6th-9th century. The trek to this place isn't easy and can easily take 5 days through the jungle. Moving on, Guatemala presents many other interesting activities and places such as the picturesque town of Livingston, which can only be reached by boat. It is known for its Garifuna culture with evenings filling the air with regional dance, music and beats.
If you're in Parque Central Quetzaltenango, also known as Xela, you'll get to explore the local and cultural hub of Guatemala which is surrounded by three big volcanoes. While you are there, visit the sacred lake, Laguna Chicabal, surrounded by a cloud of forest. The region also has an active volcano which last erupted in 2010, the Volcan Pacaya. If you are strong hearted, take the hiking trail to the top which is open to the public and offers a magnificent view. Other places to visit in Guatemala include Monterrico, Flores, the Chichicastenango Market, the stunning Santa Cataline Arch, the beautiful lake Lago de Atitlan and one of the most beautiful ancient wonders, Tikal.
01011, Guatemala City, Guatemala
03001, Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala