London is the capital of the United Kingdom and is among the most important cities of the world. It covers 1,579 square kilometers of area in the south-eastern area of Great Britain, and it enjoys a lot of importance geographically, politically, culturally, and socially. It is 103 kilometers from Portsmouth, 128 kilometers from Southampton, 74 kilometers from Brighton, and 193 kilometers from Bristol. London is not too far from some important cities, it is 519 kilometers away from Belfast, 264 kilometers from Manchester, and 554 kilometers away from Glasgow. London was built around River Thames, and till a few centuries ago all major parts of the city were close to the port. It is still an important part of the city.
London has expanded a lot over the years, and there are multiple ways to define its boundary. The City of London is a subdivision of the Great London Area. There are 32 other subdivisions which come under Greater London, and these are defined as inner boroughs and outer boroughs. Inner boroughs are the boroughs which are directly around London; the outer boroughs are around the inner boroughs. The inner boroughs are Southwark, Camden, Lewisham, Hackney, Islington, Greenwich, Kensington and Chelsea, Hammersmith, Lambeth, Wandsworth, Tower Hamlets, and Westminster. The outer boroughs are Sutton, Barking, Kingston upon Thames, Redbridge, Bromley, Richmond upon Thames, Ealing, Merton, Enfield, Haringey, Bexley, Harrow, Brent, Havering, Newham, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Croydon, and Waltham Forest.
There are many attractions in London. Notable historical sites include Big Ben, Tower Bridge, Tower of London, Westminster Place, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul’s Cathedral, and Kensington Palace. The Borough Market is one of the best places in London to get the best of UK cuisine. Central London is the perfect place for shopping, as it is the largest market in London and has many restaurants, cafes, shops, kiosks, and bars. Trafalgar Square is one of the best public areas of London, and many celebrations and events take place there.
London is a vital part of the world’s economy. Out of the Fortune 500 companies, 75% have offices in London. The London Stock Exchange is one of the 3 most important stock exchanges in the world (the other two being Tokyo and New York), and its effects are seen in financial markets all over the world. There are 5 main financial districts in London, Westminster, The City, Camden & Islington, Lambeth & Southwark, and Canary Wharf.
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